Evicted and Abandoned

Agriculture, fishing and forestry

258 projects with confirmed or possible displacement between 2004 and 2013. That represents 27% of all the World Bank-financed projects in this database. Every project is tied to one or several sectors by the bank.

An estimated 287,257 people were displaced by 43 projects. The World Bank doesn’t have information on the effects produced by the rest.

Correction May 26, 2015: A previous version of this database included 261 projects for this sector listed as involving “possible displacement” that have been removed because the end-of-project documentation indicates that physical or economic displacement did not ultimately happen.

Update July 15, 2015: ICIJ included an additional complaint after further review of the cases received by the World Bank's Inspection Panel.

Top 3 projects per estimated # people physically or economically displaced

Click on the project name to see more details. (Data updated as of December 31, 2014. Read more.)

* = This project was administered by the World Bank but paid through another financier.

Confirmed displacement
Project name Approval date Status Cost Displaced people (estimated)
Integrated Modern Agriculture Development Project Dec. 27, 2013 Active $200M 137
Coastal Embankment Improvement Project - Phase I (CEIP-I) Jun. 26, 2013 Active $375M 6,325
Kenya Water Security and Climate Resilience Project Jun. 18, 2013 Active $155M 9,079
Dem Rep Congo - Western Growth Poles Jun. 11, 2013 Active $110M 976
First Part of the Second Phase of the Niger Basin Water Resources Development and Sustainable Ecosystems Management Program - APL 2A Oct. 2, 2012 Active $203M 7,912
Malawi: Shire River Basin Management Program (Phase-I) Project Jun. 14, 2012 Active $125M 26
CN Integrated Economic Development of Small Towns May. 24, 2012 Active $150M 2,138
Water Conservation Project II May. 10, 2012 Active $80M 1,381
Nigeria Erosion and Watershed Management Project May. 8, 2012 Active $500M 1,087
Sichuan Wudu Irrigated Agriculture Development Project Feb. 28, 2012 Active $100M 3,848
BR Sergipe Water Jan. 26, 2012 Active $70.3M Unknown
VN - Mekong Delta Water Management for Rural Dev Jun. 7, 2011 Active $160M 15,504
West Africa Agricultural Productivity Program APL (WAAPP-1C) Mar. 24, 2011 Active $83.8M 136
Huai River Basin Flood Management and Drainage Improvement Jul. 6, 2010 Active $200M 58,659
Xinjiang Turfan Water Conservation Project Jun. 17, 2010 Active $100M 108
GEF Shanghai Agricultural and Non-point Pollution Reduction Project Jun. 10, 2010 Active $4.8M * 13
IN Andhra Pradesh Water Sector Improvement Jun. 3, 2010 Active $450.6M 12
Fostering Agricultural Productivity Project Jun. 3, 2010 Active $70M 310
BR Pernambuco Sustainable Water Jan. 14, 2010 Active $190M 220
Land Husbandry; Water Harvesting and Hillside Irrigation Dec. 22, 2009 Active $34M 423
West Africa Regional Fisheries Program Oct. 20, 2009 Active $45M 1,108
Ferghana Valley Water Resources Management Phase-I Project Sep. 24, 2009 Active $65.5M 263
Participatory Irrigation Development Project Jun. 24, 2009 Active $70.4M 204
Niger Agro-Pastoral Export and Market Development Project Mar. 26, 2009 Active $40M 3
Irrigation & Watershed Management Project - GEF Nov. 6, 2008 Closed $5.9M * 793
Second Rural Sector Support Jun. 24, 2008 Closed $35M 3,088
DO Emergency Recovery & Disaster Mgmt May. 1, 2008 Active $80M 128
LR-Agriculture & Infrastructure Development Project Jul. 31, 2007 Active $37M 147
Irrigation and Drainage Project Jun. 21, 2007 Active $100M 10,409
Sichuan Urban Development Project Sep. 7, 2006 Closed $180M 15,005
Tanzania Agricultural Sector Development Project Jun. 15, 2006 Active $90M 26
Senegal River Basin Multi-purpose Water Resources Development Project Jun. 8, 2006 Closed $110M 36
Transfrontier Conservation Areas and Tourism Development Project Dec. 1, 2005 Closed $10M * 691
Poor Rural Communities Development Project Jun. 21, 2005 Closed $100M 2,791
IRAN - Alborz Integrated Land and Water Management Project May. 26, 2005 Closed $120M 2,655
EGYPT-Integrated Irrigation Improvement and Management Project May. 3, 2005 Active $120M 900
India: Emergency Tsunami Reconstruction Project May. 3, 2005 Closed $465M 360
Nam Theun 2 Social and Environment Project Mar. 31, 2005 Active $20M 8,959
Taunsa Barrages Emergency Rehabilitation and Modernization Project Mar. 15, 2005 Closed $123M 799
Lucknow-Muzaffarpur National Highway Project Dec. 21, 2004 Closed $620M 75,434
Support for Economic Expansion and Diversification (SEED) Jul. 29, 2004 Closed $28.2M Unknown
Integrated Municipal Project - Betim Municipality Jul. 1, 2004 Closed $24M 820
ZA-C.A.P.E.: Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development Project May. 18, 2004 Closed $9M * 35
Water Resources Assistance Project Mar. 30, 2004 Closed $157.8M 53,600
The Greater Addo Elephant National Park Project Feb. 24, 2004 Closed $5.5M * 709
Possible displacement
Project name Approval date Status Cost
China-Guangdong Agricultural Pollution Control Dec. 27, 2013 Active $100M
VN - Central Highlands Poverty Reduction Project (CHPov) Dec. 27, 2013 Active $150M
Senegal Sustainable and Inclusive Agribusiness Project Dec. 19, 2013 Active $80M
Strengthening Safety Nets Systems - MASAF IV Dec. 18, 2013 Active $32.8M
Sudan Sustainable Natural Resources Management Project Dec. 18, 2013 Active $8.4M *
National Parks Network Rehabilitation Project Dec. 12, 2013 Active $3M
Pastoral Community Development Project III Dec. 12, 2013 Active $110M
Niger Disaster Risk Management and Urban Development Project Dec. 11, 2013 Active $100M
Peru Strengthening Sustainable Management of the Guano Islands; Isles and Capes National Reserve System Project Dec. 6, 2013 Active $8.9M *
Senegal River Basin Multi-Purpose Water Resources Development Project 2 Dec. 5, 2013 Active $212.5M
Sustainable Land Management Project-II Nov. 22, 2013 Active $50M
Coastal Watersheds Conservation in the Context of Climate Change Project Nov. 21, 2013 Active $39.5M *
Enhancing the Climate Resilience of Coastal Resources and Communities Oct. 15, 2013 Active $14.6M *
Kihansi Catchment Conservation and Management Project Sep. 26, 2013 Active $6M *
SN:Casamance Development Pole Project Sep. 25, 2013 Active $40M
Adaptation Fund: Increasing Climate Resilience & Enhancing Sustainable Land Management in the Southwest of the Buenos Aires Province Sep. 20, 2013 Active $4M *
Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Strategic Ecosystem Management GEF Project Aug. 29, 2013 Active $3M *
Agriculture Sector Support Project Aug. 8, 2013 Active $50M
Rio Grande do Norte: Regional Development and Governance Jun. 25, 2013 Active $360M
Sustainable Land Management Project Jun. 7, 2013 Active $5.9M *
LA-Scaling-Up Participatory Sustainable Forest Management May. 31, 2013 Active $19M
Niger Community Action Program Phase 3 May. 24, 2013 Active $40M
Irrigation System Enhancement Project May. 22, 2013 Active $30M
Sustainable Financing for Biodiversity Conservation and Natural Resources Management May. 15, 2013 Active $4M *
Zambia Strengthening Climate Resilience (PPCR Phase II) May. 9, 2013 Active $36M *
Sustainable Coffee Landscape Project Apr. 30, 2013 Active $4.2M *
LA-Nam Et-Phou Louey Tiger Landscape Conservation Project Apr. 18, 2013 Active $880K *
Cameroon Social Safety Nets Mar. 21, 2013 Active $50M
Agricultural Productivity Program for Southern Africa (APPSA) Mar. 14, 2013 Active $90M
Building Resilience to Climate Related Hazards Feb. 14, 2013 Active $31M *
Tunisia: Ecotourism and Conservation of Desert Biodiversity Jan. 22, 2013 Active $4.3M *
Third Phase Community Based Rural Development Project Dec. 20, 2012 Active $70M
Increasing Resilience to Climate Change and Natural Hazards in Vanuatu Dec. 4, 2012 Active $5.6M *
Water Resources and Irrigation Project Nov. 29, 2012 Active $40M
JO-Badia Ecosystem and Livelihoods Nov. 27, 2012 Active $3.3M *
SWAp for Parana Multi-sector Development Project Nov. 6, 2012 Active $350M
Rural Alliances Project II Oct. 23, 2012 Active $50M
Ethiopia Promoting Basic Services Program Phase III Project Sep. 25, 2012 Active $600M
Second Emergency Agricultural Productivity Support Project Aug. 3, 2012 Active $20M *
Water Management and Development Project Jun. 26, 2012 Active $135M
LR Smallholder Tree Crop Revitalization Support Project Jun. 5, 2012 Active $15M
Forestry and Economic Diversification Project May. 24, 2012 Active $10M
West Africa Agricultural Productivity Program 2A May. 22, 2012 Active $120M
Ningxia Desertification Control and Ecological Protection Project May. 17, 2012 Active $80M
MX Moderniz of National Meteorological Serv (MOMET) May. 17, 2012 Active $105.3M
Coastal Resources for Sustainable Development Project May. 10, 2012 Active $100M
Niger Community Action Project for Climate Resilience Apr. 23, 2012 Active $63M *
Ceara Rural Sustainable Development and Competitiveness Apr. 5, 2012 Active $100M
Cameroon:Ngoyla Mintom Project Apr. 5, 2012 Active $3.5M *
Rajasthan Agricultural Competitiveness Project Mar. 27, 2012 Active $109M
Ghana Commercial Agriculture Mar. 22, 2012 Active $100M
Pernambuco Rural Economic Inclusion Mar. 6, 2012 Active $100M
State Employment and Expenditure for Results Project Mar. 6, 2012 Active $200M
Third Rural Sector Support Project Mar. 1, 2012 Active $80M
Zambia: Livestock Development and Animal Health Project Feb. 28, 2012 Active $50M
Amazon Region Protected Areas Program Phase II (GEF) Feb. 23, 2012 Active $15.9M *
Mexico Forests and Climate Change Project Jan. 31, 2012 Active $350M
TG-Integrated Disaster and Land Management Dec. 20, 2011 Active $5.5M *
PH - Regional Infrastructure for Growth Dec. 1, 2011 Active $50M
Lao PDR - Mainstreaming Disaster and Climate Risk Management into Investment Decisions Nov. 28, 2011 Active $2.7M *
Lesotho Smallholder Agriculture Development Project Nov. 10, 2011 Active $10M
Bangladesh Integrated Agricultural Productivity Project Aug. 12, 2011 Active $46.3M *
BR Federal Integrated Water - Interaguas Jul. 12, 2011 Active $107.3M
NP Modernization of Rani Jamara Kulariya Irrigation Scheme - Phase 1 Jul. 5, 2011 Active $43M
Second Land Administration Project Jun. 30, 2011 Active $32.8M
Burkina Faso - Bagre Growth Pole Project Jun. 21, 2011 Active $115M
Second Phase of the APL on Strengthening Regional Cooperation for Wildlife Protection in Asia Jun. 17, 2011 Active $2.3M
Lake Victoria Environmental Management Project (Burundi and Rwanda) Jun. 13, 2011 Active $30M
Sao Tome - Adaptation to Climate Change May. 31, 2011 Active $4.2M *
Irrigation Restoration and Development Project Apr. 28, 2011 Active $97.8M
Water Users Association Development Support Project Apr. 26, 2011 Active $80M
Nyika Transfrontier Conservation Area Project Apr. 21, 2011 Active $4.8M *
Togo Agricultural Sector Support Project Apr. 12, 2011 Active $9M
Irrigation Development and Support Project Apr. 7, 2011 Active $115M
APL on Strengthening Regional Cooperation For Wildlife Protection in Asia Apr. 7, 2011 Active $39M
Support to Protected Areas Management Mar. 29, 2011 Active $5M
Wetlands Conservation Project Mar. 24, 2011 Active $1.8M *
Water Resources and Irrigation Sector Management Program 2 Mar. 22, 2011 Active $150M
Agricultural Productivity and Diversification Mar. 22, 2011 Active $31M
Local Development Program Support Project II Mar. 18, 2011 Active $25M
MZ PROIRRI Sustainable Irrigation Development Mar. 17, 2011 Active $70M
Guinea-Bissau Biodiversity Conservation Project Mar. 17, 2011 Active $2M
Liberia: Expansion of Protected Areas Network - II Mar. 15, 2011 Active $1M *
Rwanda Land; husbandry water harvesting and hillside irrigation Feb. 22, 2011 Active $50M *
4th Northwest Mountainous & Forested Areas Development Project (PNO4) Dec. 20, 2010 Active $41.6M
Strengthening Integrated Biodiversity Management Dec. 14, 2010 Closed $1M *
Sustainable Land and Water Management Nov. 30, 2010 Active $8.2M *
Santa Catarina Rural Competitiveness Sep. 2, 2010 Active $90M
Kenya Coastal Development Project Jul. 27, 2010 Active $35M
TUN GEF Second Natural Resources Management Jun. 17, 2010 Active $9.7M *
Integrated Coastal Zone Management Jun. 15, 2010 Active $222M
Sustainable Development in Poor Rural Areas Jun. 10, 2010 Active $100M
Comoros - Emergency Crises Response Project Jun. 1, 2010 Active $5.3M
Henan Ecological Livestock Project May. 27, 2010 Active $80M
MA-Modernization of Irrigated Agriculture in the Oum Er Rbia Basin May. 27, 2010 Active $70M
Sao Paulo Sustainable Rural Development and Access to Markets May. 25, 2010 Active $78M
Strengthening Biodiversity Conservation through the National Protected Areas May. 20, 2010 Active $8.9M *
Ghana---Social Opportunities Project May. 20, 2010 Active $88.6M
Jilin Agricultural Product Safety and Quality May. 13, 2010 Active $100M
Additional financing for food security (GFRP) May. 10, 2010 Closed $10M
Aceh-Nias Livelihoods and Economic Development Program (LEDP) May. 3, 2010 Closed $8.2M *
BI - Agro-Pastoral Productivity and Markets Development Project Apr. 29, 2010 Active $43M
Second Northern Mountains Poverty Reduction Project Apr. 6, 2010 Active $150M
DRC - Agriculture Rehabilitation and Recovery Support Mar. 30, 2010 Active $120M
EG-National Drainage II Add. Financing Mar. 23, 2010 Active $30M
Sustainable Cerrado Initiative Mar. 18, 2010 Active $7M *
Land Administration Project (PRODEP) Additional Financing Feb. 16, 2010 Closed $10M
SL-GEF Biodiversity Conservation Project Jan. 21, 2010 Active $5M *
Agricultural Productivity and Food Security Project Dec. 10, 2009 Active $40M
Development; Empowerment and Conservation in the Greater St Lucia Wetland Park and Surrounding Region Dec. 3, 2009 Active $9M *
Expanding Opportunities for Vunerable Groups Nov. 19, 2009 Closed $114.5M
Tien Shan Ecosystem Development Project Nov. 3, 2009 Closed $3.4M *
Rural Community-Driven Development Project Sep. 24, 2009 Active $5M
Vietnam Livestock Competitiveness and Food Safety Sep. 22, 2009 Active $65.3M
Second Community Development and Livelihood Improvement Project Sep. 10, 2009 Closed $75M
Rio de Janeiro Sustainable Rural Development Project Sep. 10, 2009 Active $39.5M
Sustainable Land Management Project Aug. 25, 2009 Closed $4.8M *
CM-Agricultural Competitiveness Project Jun. 18, 2009 Active $60M
Additional Financing for Tanzania Second Social Action Fund (TASAF II) Jun. 9, 2009 Closed $30M
Project for Agriculture Commercialization and Trade (PACT) Jun. 4, 2009 Active $20M
Second Northern Uganda Social Action Fund Project (NUSAF2) May. 28, 2009 Active $100M
Second Water Sector Investment May. 19, 2009 Active $30.6M
Ethiopia Protection of Basic Services Program Phase II Project May. 14, 2009 Closed $540M
Ivory Coast Protected Area Project Apr. 30, 2009 Closed $2.5M *
Montenegro Institutional Development and Agriculture Strengthening (MIDAS) Apr. 21, 2009 Active $15.7M
Forest and Nature Conservation Project Apr. 2, 2009 Active $64M
CF-Support to Vulnerable Groups Community Development Project Mar. 31, 2009 Active $8M
Lake Victoria Environmental Management Project Phase II Mar. 3, 2009 Active $90M
Yemen-Water Sector Support Feb. 24, 2009 Active $90M
Competitiveness and Private Sector Development Feb. 12, 2009 Active $25M
Trinidad and Tobago: Nariva ecosystem restoration and carbon sequestration Feb. 3, 2009 Closed $2.6M *
Commercial Agriculture Development Jan. 15, 2009 Active $150M
Sustainable Forestry For Rural Development II Dec. 18, 2008 Closed $10M
Sustainable Management of Fish Resources Dec. 16, 2008 Closed $6M *
Emergency 2007 Cyclone Recovery and Restoration Project Nov. 6, 2008 Active $109M
IN Orissa Community Tank Management Project Sep. 30, 2008 Active $112M
AR PROSAP2 - Second Provincial Agricultural Development Sep. 25, 2008 Active $300M
VN - Agriculture Competitiveness Project Sep. 23, 2008 Closed $59.8M
Community Action Program (PAC2) Aug. 29, 2008 Closed $30M
AO-Market Oriented Smallholder Agriculture Project Jul. 31, 2008 Active $30M
Third National Fadama Development Project (Fadama III) Jul. 1, 2008 Active $250M
TG-Community Dev. Project ERL (FY08) Jun. 26, 2008 Closed $17.2M
Malawi Third Social Action Fund (MASAF 3) APL II (LDF Mechanism) Jun. 20, 2008 Closed $50M
LA-Khammouane Development Project Jun. 17, 2008 Active $9M
Forest and Mountain Protected Areas Project May. 29, 2008 Closed $3.4M *
Tana & Beles Integrated Water Resources Development May. 29, 2008 Active $45M
Alabnia/Montenegro Lake Skhoder Integrated Ecosystem Manage May. 27, 2008 Closed $4.6M *
Land Allocation for Social and Economic Development May. 20, 2008 Active $11.5M
ID National Program for Community Empowerment in Rural Areas May. 20, 2008 Closed $231.2M
AR Sustainable Natural Resources Management (formerly Sustainable Forestry Development) Mar. 18, 2008 Active $60M
Community-Based Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Management Project Feb. 19, 2008 Closed $4.3M *
Second Participatory Rural Investment Dec. 20, 2007 Closed $20M
PNG-Smallholder Agriculture Development Dec. 18, 2007 Closed $27.5M
NP Irrigation & Water Resources Management Project Dec. 6, 2007 Active $50M
PK Sindh Water Sector Improvement Project Phase I Sep. 18, 2007 Active $150.2M
Water Management Improvement Project Sep. 18, 2007 Active $102.3M
Market-Led Smallholder Development in the Zambezi Valley Aug. 28, 2007 Closed $6.2M *
GN-Village Comm Supp Program - Phase 2 Aug. 14, 2007 Closed $17M
Partnerships for Conservation management of Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park; North Maluku Jul. 23, 2007 Closed $1M *
Niger Basin Water Resources Development and Sustainable Ecosystems Management Project Jul. 3, 2007 Active $186M
Caatinga Conservation and Management - Mata Branca - (GEF) Jun. 26, 2007 Closed $10M *
Integrated Ecosystem Management in the Jordan Rift Valley GEF Jun. 12, 2007 Closed $6.2M *
Rural and Private Sector Development May. 22, 2007 Active $30M
Western Kenya CDD and Flood Mitigation Project Mar. 27, 2007 Active $86M
Second Phase Community Based Rural Development Project; Mar. 27, 2007 Closed $74M
Kenya - Natural Resource Management Project Mar. 27, 2007 Closed $68.5M
Mindanao Rural Development Project - Phase 2 Mar. 22, 2007 Closed $83.8M
Uganda Water Small Towns and RGCs Feb. 7, 2007 Closed $3.2M *
BR APL 1 Para Integrated Rural Dev Dec. 12, 2006 Closed $60M
National Initiative for Human Development Support Project (INDH) Dec. 12, 2006 Closed $100M
Community-Driven Development Project Aug. 31, 2006 Closed $12M
Laguna de Bay Community Watershed Rehab Jun. 30, 2006 Closed N/A
Forests and Adjacent Lands Management Project Jun. 29, 2006 Closed $6M *
Changjiang/Pearl River Watershed Rehabilitation Project Jun. 27, 2006 Closed $100M
Rural Capacity Building Project Jun. 22, 2006 Closed $54M
Community-Based Land Management Project Jun. 22, 2006 Closed $7M *
Coastal Marine and Biodiversity Management Jun. 22, 2006 Closed $5M *
Agricultural Diversification and Market Development Project Jun. 20, 2006 Active $66M
Rural Productivity Project (GEF) Jun. 15, 2006 Closed $6M *
Corazon Transboundary Biosphere Reserve Project Jun. 13, 2006 Closed $12M *
Agricultural Services & Producer Organizations Project 2 Jun. 5, 2006 Closed $20M
Adaptation Program Phase II - Pilot Implementation Phase (KAP II) Jun. 1, 2006 Closed $1.8M *
Agricultural Development Support Program May. 16, 2006 Closed $37.2M
Colombian National Protected Areas Conservation Trust Fund Mar. 29, 2006 Closed $15M *
Livestock Waste Management in East Asia Project Mar. 21, 2006 Closed $7M *
Agricultural Markets and Agribusiness Development Project Feb. 28, 2006 Closed $35M
Fisheries Resource Management and Conservation Dec. 15, 2005 Closed $25M
Forest Protection & Reforestation Project Nov. 29, 2005 Active $30M
Irrigation; Rural Livelihoods and Agricultural Development Project Nov. 29, 2005 Active $40M
Protected Areas Consolidation and Administration Nov. 29, 2005 Closed $5M *
Irrigated Agriculture Intensification III Project Oct. 11, 2005 Closed $200M
Sapo National Park Sep. 19, 2005 Closed $980K *
Namibian Coast Conservation and Management Project Sep. 1, 2005 Closed $4.9M *
Agricultural Competitiveness and Diversification Project Jul. 5, 2005 Active $46.4M
Rural Environment Project Jun. 9, 2005 Closed $8M
Disaster Vulnerability Reduction First Phase APL May. 10, 2005 Closed $260M
MR: Integrated Development Program for Irrigated Agric. Apl #2 Mar. 17, 2005 Closed $39M
Gulf of Gabes Marine and Coastal Resources Protection Project Mar. 10, 2005 Closed $6.3M *
Decentralized Rural Development Project Mar. 1, 2005 Closed $7M
Africa Emergency Locust Project Dec. 16, 2004 Closed $59.5M
Assam Agricultural Competitiveness Project Dec. 14, 2004 Closed $154M
Coastal and Biodiversity Management Project Nov. 9, 2004 Closed $3M
SN-Elec. Serv. for Rural Areas (FY05) Sep. 9, 2004 Closed $29.9M
Gourma Biodiversity Conservation Project Sep. 2, 2004 Closed $5.5M *
BI-Agriculture Rehabilitation & Sustainable Land Management Jul. 27, 2004 Closed $35M
Forest Sector Development Project Jul. 8, 2004 Active $39.5M
Diversified Farm Income and Market Development Project Jun. 22, 2004 Closed $60M
OECS Protected Areas and Associated Livelihoods Project May. 20, 2004 Closed $3.7M *
Third Environment Program Support Project May. 11, 2004 Active $40M
Community-Based Rural Development Apr. 20, 2004 Closed $45M
Hai Basin Integrated Water and Environment Management Project Apr. 15, 2004 Closed $17M *
Land Administration Program Feb. 26, 2004 Closed $25M
Soil Conservation Project Jan. 23, 2004 Closed $5.2M *
Projects with complaints
Project name Approval date Status Cost Displaced people (estimated)
Ethiopia Promoting Basic Services Program Phase III Project Sep. 25, 2012 Active $600M Unknown
Ethiopia Protection of Basic Services Program Phase II Project May. 14, 2009 Closed $540M Unknown
Kenya - Natural Resource Management Project Mar. 27, 2007 Closed $68.5M Unknown