- Russian nationality or passport
Safin, who retired from tennis in 2009, briefly reached the top world ranking for singles in late 2000. Among his 15 single titles, he won a couple of Grand Slam tournaments: the 2000 U.S. Open and the 2005 Australian Open. In December 2011, Safin was elected to the Russian Parliament as a member of Vladimir Putin's United Russia Party, representing the Nizhny Novgorod region.
Throughout his tennis career, Safin was a resident of Monaco, a tax haven. HSBC files show he became a client of the bank in 2005. He was linked to numbered client account “44344 DS” that listed three bank accounts. Together they held as much as $4.87 million in 2006/2007. The leaked files do not specify the exact role that Safin had in relation to the account.
Safin did not respond to ICIJ's repeated requests for comment.