Evicted and Abandoned

Energy and mining

182 projects with confirmed or possible displacement between 2004 and 2013. That represents 19% of all the World Bank-financed projects in this database. Every project is tied to one or several sectors by the bank.

An estimated 1,190,993 people were displaced by 101 projects. The World Bank doesn’t have information on the effects produced by the rest.

Top 3 projects per estimated # people physically or economically displaced

Click on the project name to see more details. (Data updated as of December 31, 2014. Read more.)

* = This project was administered by the World Bank but paid through another financier.

Confirmed displacement
Project name Approval date Status Cost Displaced people (estimated)
Regional Rusumo Falls Hydroelectric Project Aug. 6, 2013 Active $339.9M 3,121
Indonesia Second Power Transmission Development Project Jul. 8, 2013 Active $325M 5
Ningbo Municipal Solid Waste Minimization and Recycling Project May. 31, 2013 Active $80M 683
Jiangxi Wuxikou Integrated Flood Management Project Mar. 20, 2013 Active $100M 10,957
Sierra Leone Energy Access Project - Sierra Leone Infrastructure Development Fund Jan. 31, 2013 Active $16M * 888
First Part of the Second Phase of the Niger Basin Water Resources Development and Sustainable Ecosystems Management Program - APL 2A Oct. 2, 2012 Active $203M 7,912
Rebuilding Energy Infrastructure and Access Sep. 27, 2012 Active $90M 14
Distribution Efficiency Project Sep. 11, 2012 Active $448.9M 31,581
The Eastern Electricity Highway Project under the First Phase of the Eastern Africa Power Integration Program Jul. 12, 2012 Active $684M 386
Cote d'Ivoire - Emergency Infrastructure Renewal Project Jun. 26, 2012 Active $100M 26
WAPP APL4 (Phase 1) - Côte d'Ivoire; Sierra Leone; Liberia; and Guinea Power System Re-development May. 31, 2012 Active $176M 4,826
CM - Lom Pangar Hydropower Proj. (FY12) Mar. 27, 2012 Active $132M 4,129
Af Energy Loss Reduction Feb. 14, 2012 Closed $18M 2,048
Medium Cities Development Project Dec. 15, 2011 Active $210M 13,115
Cameroon - Kribi Gas Power Project Nov. 10, 2011 Active $82M 680
Electricity Sector Development Project Jun. 30, 2011 Active $120M 13,596
Vishnugad Pipalkoti Hydro Electric Project Jun. 30, 2011 Active $648M 5,159
WAPP: The First Phase of the Inter-Zonal Transmission Hub Project of the WAPP (APL3) Program Jun. 29, 2011 Active $41.9M 1,166
Nepal-India Electricity Transmission and Trade Project Jun. 21, 2011 Active $99M 873
Afghanistan: Sustainable Development of Natural Resources Project II May. 31, 2011 Active $52M 1,287
Upper Cisokan Pumped Storage Hydro-Electrical Power (1040 MW) Project May. 26, 2011 Active $640M 8,213
Electricity Supply Reliability Project May. 26, 2011 Active $39M 440
Kabeli Transmission Project May. 10, 2011 Active $38M 203
VN-Trung Son Hydropower Project Apr. 26, 2011 Active $330M 10,591
Talimarjan Transmission Project Mar. 15, 2011 Active $110M 114
Tanzania - Backbone Transmission Investment Project Aug. 26, 2010 Active $150M 4,857
GEF Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City Jul. 22, 2010 Active $6.2M * 2,157
Indonesia Power Transmission Development Project Jul. 8, 2010 Active $225M 21
Dashiqiao Central Heating Supply Project Jun. 17, 2010 Active $5.6M * 990
Egypt - Wind Power Development Project Jun. 15, 2010 Active $70M 541
EG-Giza North Power Project Jun. 8, 2010 Active $600M 3,589
Electricity Expansion May. 27, 2010 Active $330M 7,461
BT: Urban Development II Apr. 29, 2010 Active $12M 279
Botswana - Morupule B Generation and Transmission Project Oct. 29, 2009 Closed $136.4M 5
Rwanda Electricity Access Scale-up and Sector Wide Approach (SWAp) Development Project Oct. 15, 2009 Active $70M 234
Fifth Power System Development Project Sep. 22, 2009 Active $1B 764
Kazakhstan Moinak Electricity Transmission Project Sep. 15, 2009 Closed $48M 316
Haryana Power System Improvement Project Aug. 4, 2009 Active $330M 3,907
Additional Financing for Southern Africa Power Market Project (APL1) Jun. 30, 2009 Active $180.6M 410
Increased Access to Modern Energy Jun. 23, 2009 Active $70M 1,249
Nigeria Electricity and Gas Improvement Project (NEGIP) Jun. 16, 2009 Active $200M 5,100
Urgent Electricity Rehabilitation Project Jun. 9, 2009 Closed $50M 701
Private Sector Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Project May. 28, 2009 Active $500M 65
Shanxi Coal Bed Methane Development and Utilization May. 19, 2009 Active $80M 1,395
Thermal Power Efficiency May. 5, 2009 Closed $19.7M * 702
Vietnam Renewable Energy Development Project May. 5, 2009 Active $202M 1,500
Uganda: Energy for Rural Transformation APL-2 Apr. 6, 2009 Active $75M 12,239
Wenchuan Earthquake Recovery Feb. 12, 2009 Active $710M 705
Siddhirganj Power Project Oct. 30, 2008 Active $350M 4,444
Jiangxi Shihutang Navigation and Hydropower Complex Project Sep. 25, 2008 Closed $100M 597
Bagasse Cogeneration Jun. 27, 2008 Closed $2.6M * 80
Mongolia Mining Sector Technical Assistance Project Jun. 26, 2008 Active $9.3M 41
CM-Energy Sector Development SIL (FY08) Jun. 24, 2008 Active $65M 52
Electricity Distribution and Transmission Improvement Project Jun. 17, 2008 Closed $256.7M 1,303
MA-Electricity Transmission Jun. 10, 2008 Active $150M 1,735
Shandong Flue Gas Desulfurization May. 27, 2008 Closed $50M 1,134
Liaoning Third Medium Cities Infrastructure May. 27, 2008 Active $191M 990
Rural Distribution Project May. 22, 2008 Closed $150M 92,642
GZ- Electric Utility Management May. 15, 2008 Active $12M * 38
DO Emergency Recovery & Disaster Mgmt May. 1, 2008 Active $80M 128
Bicol Power Restoration Project Feb. 7, 2008 Closed $12.9M 66
Ethiopia/Nile Basin Initiative: Ethiopia-Sudan Interconnector Dec. 20, 2007 Closed $41M 1,569
TZ-Gef Energy Dvpt And Access Expansion Dec. 13, 2007 Active $6.5M * 2,351
Rampur Hydropower Project Sep. 13, 2007 Closed $400M 711
GMS Power Trade (Laos) Project Jun. 5, 2007 Closed $15M 1,180
GMS Power Trade (Cambodia) Project Jun. 5, 2007 Closed $18.5M 1,734
Regional and Domestic Power Markets Development Project (Southern Africa Power Market Project: APL-1b) May. 29, 2007 Active $296.7M 266
UG - Private Power Generation (Bujagali) Project Apr. 26, 2007 Active $115M 9,310
Uganda Power Sector Development Project Apr. 26, 2007 Closed $300M 1
Integrated Solar Combined Cycle Power Project Apr. 19, 2007 Closed $43.2M * 35
Northern Negros Geothermal Power Project Feb. 16, 2007 Active $6.8M * 212
China-PCF-CDCF Hubei Guangrun Hydropower Oct. 27, 2006 Active $4.6M * 848
Second Village Investment Project Aug. 3, 2006 Closed $15M 1
Emergency Infrastructure Project Jun. 20, 2006 Closed $30M 431
Energy Sector Cleanup and Land Reclamation Project Jun. 13, 2006 Active $5.5M 407
Rural Electrification Phase I Project of the Rural Electrification (APL) Program Apr. 27, 2006 Closed $10M Unknown
JM Inner City Basic Services for the Poor Project Mar. 29, 2006 Closed $29.3M 4
PE Rural Electrification Mar. 7, 2006 Closed $50M 2
Follow Up to CRESP Phase I Feb. 7, 2006 Closed $86.3M 131
Power System Development Project - III Jan. 19, 2006 Closed $400M 704
ID-Domestic Gas Market Development Project Dec. 13, 2005 Closed $80M 941
20 MW Palinpinon II Geothermal Optimization Project Dec. 9, 2005 Closed N/A 840
DRC Emergency Multi Sectoral Rehab & Recovery ERL Supplemental (FY06) Dec. 8, 2005 Closed $125M 3,675
Gas Sector Development Nov. 29, 2005 Active $325M 31
China: Fifth Inland Waterways Oct. 11, 2005 Closed $100M 25,655
Second Transmission and Distribution Project Jul. 28, 2005 Closed $200M 35,117
Integrated Growth Poles Jul. 12, 2005 Closed $129.8M 8,911
HN Rural Infrastructure Project Jul. 7, 2005 Active $47M 5
WAPP APL 1 (1st Phase - Coastal Transmission Backbone) Jun. 30, 2005 Closed $40M 1,454
CN-PCF Xiaogushan Hydropower Project Jun. 22, 2005 Active $10M * 21
Renewable Energy Scale-up Program (CRESP) Jun. 16, 2005 Closed $87M 570
Emergency Living Conditions Improvement Support Project May. 26, 2005 Closed $82M Unknown
Urgent Electricity Rehabilitation Jan. 27, 2005 Closed $25M 459
ECUADOR - Hydro SIBIMBE Dec. 16, 2004 Closed $1.8M * 10
CN-PCF Jincheng Coal Bed Methane Project Dec. 1, 2004 Closed $10M * 2,443
3A-West African Gas Pipeline (IDA S/UP) Nov. 23, 2004 Active $50M 10,594
Second Rural Energy Project Nov. 18, 2004 Closed $220M 773,838
Hunan Urban Development Project Sep. 16, 2004 Closed $172M 11,214
Support for Economic Expansion and Diversification (SEED) Jul. 29, 2004 Closed $28.2M Unknown
Energy Sector Recovery Project Jul. 13, 2004 Closed $80M 217
Electricity Services Delivery Project Jul. 6, 2004 Closed $45M 1,100
Power and Water Project Jul. 1, 2004 Closed $35M 2,718
COLOMBIA - Amoya River Environmental Services May. 24, 2004 Closed N/A 28
Fourth Inland Waterways Project Mar. 25, 2004 Closed $91M 16,805
Possible displacement
Project name Approval date Status Cost
Sierra Leone Energy Sector Utility Reform Project Dec. 18, 2013 Active $40M
GPOBA Improved Electricity Access Dec. 17, 2013 Active $4M *
Mali Rural Electrification Hybrid System Project Dec. 11, 2013 Active $25M
Burkina Faso Electricity Sector Support Project Jul. 30, 2013 Active $50M
EG - Helwan South Power Project Jun. 27, 2013 Active $585.4M
Lusaka Transmission and Distribution Rehabilitation Project May. 30, 2013 Active $105M
Liberia Accelerated Electricity Expansion Project (LACEEP) May. 30, 2013 Active $35M
Kenya Infrastructure Finance/PPP project Nov. 15, 2012 Active $40M
Second Regional Development Project Nov. 6, 2012 Active $30M
Rural Alliances Project II Oct. 23, 2012 Active $50M
Electricity Sector Support Project Jul. 26, 2012 Active $85M
UY OSE Sustainable and Efficient Jul. 5, 2012 Active $42M
Electricity Network Reinforcement and Expansion Project (ENREP) May. 29, 2012 Active $200M
Zambia Kafue Town - Muzuma - Victoria Falls Regional Transmission Line Reinforcement Project May. 15, 2012 Active $60M
Tarbela Fourth Extension Hydropower Project Mar. 20, 2012 Active $840M
CAPE VERDE - Recovery and Reform of the Electricity Sector Project Jan. 19, 2012 Active $53.5M
China Energy Efficiency Financing III Oct. 27, 2011 Active $100M
South Africa - Eskom Renewables Support Project Oct. 27, 2011 Active $250M *
Geothermal Clean Energy Investment Project Jul. 26, 2011 Active $175M
Ethiopia: Support to Artisan Miners (JSDF) Jul. 5, 2011 Active $3M *
Energy Sector Jun. 28, 2011 Active $84.7M
Shandong Energy Efficiency Project Jun. 9, 2011 Active $150M
Urumqi District Heating Project May. 17, 2011 Active $100M
Second Rural Electrification Apr. 21, 2011 Active $50M
Energy Infrastructure Improvement Project – Additional Financing Apr. 5, 2011 Active $19.1M
Jamaica Energy Security and Efficiency Enhancement Project Mar. 10, 2011 Active $15M
GEF Project: Lao Rural Electrification Phase II Project Feb. 22, 2011 Active $1.8M *
PY Energy Sector Strengthening Project Nov. 30, 2010 Active $100M
LIBERIA Electricity System Enhancement Project (LESEP) Nov. 30, 2010 Active $10M
Alma Transmission Project Nov. 16, 2010 Active $78M
Burundi - Emergency Energy Project from IDA CRW Sep. 30, 2010 Closed $15.4M
Energy Community of South East Europe APL6 Project - Turkey Aug. 30, 2010 Active $220M
China Energy Efficiency Financing II Jun. 22, 2010 Active $100M
ELETROBRAS Distribution Rehabilitation Jun. 3, 2010 Active $495M
Local Government Strengthening Project Jun. 1, 2010 Active $80M
CZ - Green Investment Scheme May. 28, 2010 Active $30M *
UY UTE 10MW Grid Connected Wind Power Farm at Caracoles Hill Apr. 29, 2010 Active $700K *
Eskom Investment Support Project Apr. 8, 2010 Active $3.8B
MZ-Energy Development and Access Project (APL-2) Feb. 4, 2010 Active $80M
Indonesia Infrastructure Finance Facility Jun. 24, 2009 Active $100M
Mali Energy Support Project Jun. 18, 2009 Active $120M
Sustainable Development of Natural Resources - Additional Financing Jun. 11, 2009 Closed $10M
Sustainable Management of Mineral Resources Jun. 9, 2009 Active $50M
Emergency Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Energy Project Jun. 2, 2009 Active $25M
RY-Rural Energy Access Project May. 19, 2009 Active $25M
Municipal Services Improvement Mar. 26, 2009 Active $25M
EG-Ain Sokhna Power Project Jan. 29, 2009 Active $600M
Commercial Agriculture Development Jan. 15, 2009 Active $150M
Promotion of a Wind Power Market Jun. 26, 2008 Active $6M *
Rehabilitation Program (ARP) I#Contaminated Sites Rehabilitation Jun. 17, 2008 Closed $74.5M
Zm: Increased Access to Electricity May. 20, 2008 Active $33M
Multisectoral Water and Electricity Infrastructure Project May. 13, 2008 Closed $50M
EG-Natural Gas Connections Project Jan. 24, 2008 Closed $75M
Power Transmission Project in Support of the Energy Sector Reform & Development Program Aug. 2, 2007 Active $200M
Burkina Faso Energy Access Project Jul. 26, 2007 Closed $38.8M
Ghana: Energy Development and Access Project Jul. 26, 2007 Active $90M
Mozambique Transmission Upgrade Project Jul. 17, 2007 Active $93M
Niger Basin Water Resources Development and Sustainable Ecosystems Management Project Jul. 3, 2007 Active $186M
Electricity Access (Rural) Expansion Project Phase II Jul. 3, 2007 Closed $130M
JO - Amman East Power Plant Mar. 13, 2007 Active $45M
Sustainable Energy GEF Project Dec. 19, 2006 Closed $5.5M *
Lignite Power Technical Assistance Project Oct. 12, 2006 Closed $8.5M
Support for Strategic Local Development and Investment Project Jun. 29, 2006 Active $100M
Insfrastructure Services Jun. 27, 2006 Closed $40M
Accelerated Electricity Access (Rural) Expansion Jun. 22, 2006 Closed $133.4M
Chile Quilleco Hydropower Project Jun. 2, 2006 Active $3M *
RY-Power Sector May. 23, 2006 Active $50M
Energy Community of South East Europe APL 3 Project Mar. 24, 2006 Closed $150M
Infrastructure Pre-Investment Facility Feb. 16, 2006 Closed $5M
Nigeria National Energy Development Project Jul. 1, 2005 Closed $172M
Energy Community of South East Europe (APL) Program - Serbia and Montenegro Component - Serbia Project Jun. 30, 2005 Closed $21M
SN - Electricity Sector Efficiency Enhancement - Phase 1; APL-1 May. 17, 2005 Closed $15.7M
Energy Community of South East Europe (APL #2) (Turkey) Apr. 4, 2005 Closed $66M
Mexico: Waste Management and Carbon Offset Project Mar. 18, 2005 Active $860K *
SN-Elec. Serv. for Rural Areas (FY05) Sep. 9, 2004 Closed $29.9M
Eritrea Power Distribution and Rural Electrification Project Jul. 6, 2004 Closed $50M
Third Environment Program Support Project May. 11, 2004 Active $40M
Power Sector Generation & Restructuring Project Mar. 16, 2004 Closed $25M
Projects with complaints
Project name Approval date Status Cost Displaced people (estimated)
Af Energy Loss Reduction Feb. 14, 2012 Closed $18M 2,048
Afghanistan: Sustainable Development of Natural Resources Project II May. 31, 2011 Active $52M 1,287
EG-Giza North Power Project Jun. 8, 2010 Active $600M 3,589
Electricity Expansion May. 27, 2010 Active $330M 7,461
Eskom Investment Support Project Apr. 8, 2010 Active $3.8B Unknown
Sustainable Development of Natural Resources - Additional Financing Jun. 11, 2009 Closed $10M Unknown
UG - Private Power Generation (Bujagali) Project Apr. 26, 2007 Active $115M 9,310
Chile Quilleco Hydropower Project Jun. 2, 2006 Active $3M * Unknown
3A-West African Gas Pipeline (IDA S/UP) Nov. 23, 2004 Active $50M 10,594
Power Sector Generation & Restructuring Project Mar. 16, 2004 Closed $25M Unknown